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Programs for grade 9 to 12

The Ontario Science Centre has developed an exciting collection of school program designed to link to the new Science and Technology Curriculum. These highly motivating programs, presented live by the Science Education Staff, are intended to help students:

  • understand the basic concepts of science and technology
  • develop the skills, strategies, and habits of mind required for scientific inquiry & technological design
  • relate scientific and technological knowledge to each other and to the world outside the school

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Chemistry Concepts in Action (9-12)

Program Description
Chemistry Concepts in Action (9-12)
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Chemistry
9 Atoms, Elements, and Compounds    C2.1 use appropriate terminology related to atoms, elements, and compounds, including, but not limited to: boiling point, mixtures, particle theory, pure substances, and viscosity
C3.3 distinguish between elements and compounds (e.g., compounds are pure substances that can be broken down into elements by chemical means)
C3.4 describe the characteristic physical and chemical properties of common elements and compounds
C3.7 compare and contrast the physical properties of elements within a group and between groups in the periodic table
C3.8 identify and use the symbols for common elements and the formulae for common compounds
9 Exploring Matter C1.2 assess the social and environmental impact of the production or use of a common element or simple compound
C2.1 use appropriate terminology related to the exploration of matter, including, but not limited to: combustion, … decomposition, … precipitate, reaction, and soluble
C2.5 investigate and compare the chemical properties of representative elements within groups in the periodic table families of elements
C3.2 describe the characteristics that distinguish elements from compounds
C3.4 explain the relationships between the properties of elements and their position in the periodic table
C3.5 describe the characteristic physical and chemical properties of common elements
C3.6 use symbols and chemical formulae to represent common elements and simple compounds
C3.7 identify the elements and compounds in common household products
10 Chemical Reactions and Their Practical Applications C1.2 identify practical applications of chemical reactions in a particular profession, and assess the associated hazards, including hazards associated with the handling and disposal of chemicals...
C2.1 use appropriate terminology related to chemical reactions, including, but not limited to: …dilute, neutralization, product, reactant, and word equation
C3.2 name and write the formulae for simple ionic and molecular compounds
C3.3 write word equations and balanced chemical equations for simple chemical reactions
C3.4 describe the process of neutralization for simple acid–base reactions
C3.5 describe how the pH scale is used to identify the concentration of acids and bases
10 Chemical Reactions    C2.1 use appropriate terminology related to chemical reactions, including, but not limited to: compounds, product, and reactant
C3.3 describe the types of evidence that indicate chemical change
C3.4 write word equations and balanced chemical equations for simple chemical reactions
C3.5 describe, on the basis of observation, the reactants in and products of a variety of chemical reactions, including synthesis, decomposition, and displacement reactions
C3.7 describe how the pH scale is used to classify solutions as acidic, basic, or neutral
11 Chemical Reactions    C2.1 use appropriate terminology related to chemical reactions, including, but not limited to: neutralization, precipitate, acidic, and basic
C3.1 identify various types of chemical reactions, including synthesis, decomposition, single displacement, double displacement, and combustion
C3.2 explain the difference between a complete combustion reaction and an incomplete combustion reaction
C3.3 explain the chemical reactions that result in the formation of acids and bases from metal oxides and non-metal oxides
11 Quantities in Chemical Reactions D3.4 explain the quantitative relationships expressed in a balanced chemical equation, using appropriate units of measure
11 Gases and Atmospheric Chemistry    F2.1 use appropriate terminology related to gases and atmospheric chemistry, including, but not limited to: standard temperature, standard pressure, molar volume, and ideal gas
F3.1 identify the major and minor chemical components of Earth’s atmosphere
F3.2 describe the different states of matter, and explain their differences in terms of the forces between atoms, molecules, and ions
F3.3 use the kinetic molecular theory to explain the properties and behaviour of gases in terms of types and degrees of molecular motion
12 Matter and Qualitative Analysis B3.2 describe various types of chemical reactions, including synthesis, decomposition, single displacement, and double displacement reactions
12 Electrochemistry D2.1 use appropriate terminology related to electrochemistry, including, but not limited to: oxidation,…and electrolyte
D3.1 explain the concepts of oxidation and reduction in terms of the chemical changes that occur during redox reactions
12 Electrochemistry F2.1 use appropriate terminology related to electrochemistry, including, but not limited to: half-reaction, electrochemical cell, reducing agent, oxidizing agent, redox reaction…
F3.1 explain redox reactions in terms of the loss and gain of electrons and the associated change in oxidation number
12 Organic Chemistry  B3.1 Compare...different classes of organic compounds, including...alcohols, ketones...by describing the similarities and differences in names and structural formulae of the compounds...
12 Organic Chemistry  C1.2 research a useful product made from one or more organic substances, and assess the environmental impact of the production, use, and disposal of the product
C3.2 identify functional group structures that define common classes of organic compounds Conduct an inquiry to identify some of the products of the combustion of…an alcohol
12 Chemistry in the Environment  F3.1 identify major and minor chemical components of Earth’s atmosphere
F3.6 explain the difference between the concepts of strength and concentration when referring to solutions of acids and bases
12 Chemical Systems and Equilibrium  E3.2 explain the concept of chemical equilibrium and how it applies to the concentration of reactants and products in a chemical reaction at equilibrium
E3.3 explain Le Châtelier’s principle and how it applies to changes to a chemical reaction at equilibrium
12 Energy Changes and Rates of Reaction   D1.1 analyse some conventional and alternative energy technologies, and evaluate them in terms of their efficiency and impact on the environment...
D2.1 use appropriate terminology related to energy changes and rates of reaction, including, but not limited to: …activation energy, endothermic, exothermic, potential energy…
D3.1 compare the energy changes resulting from physical change, chemical reactions, and nuclear reactions, in terms of whether energy is released or absorbed

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Cosmic Connections (9)

Program Description
Cosmic Connections (9)
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Earth and Space Science
9 Space Exploration D2.2 investigate patterns in the night sky and the motion of celestial objects, using direct observation, computer simulations, and/or star charts, and record the information using a graphic organizer or other format
D3.1 describe the major components of the universe, the motion of the different types of celestial objects, and the distances between certain objects, using appropriate scientific terminology and units
D3.2 compare the characteristics and properties of celestial objects that constitute the solar system, including their motion and their distance from other celestial objects in the solar system
D3.6 describe the role of celestial objects in the traditions and beliefs of selected cultures and civilizations
9 The Study of the Universe D2.2. use direct observation, computer simulation, or star charts to determine the location, appearance, and motion of well-known stars and other celestial objects that are visible in the night sky
D2.5 compare and contrast properties of celestial objects visible in the night sky, drawing on information gathered through research and using an appropriate format
D3.1 describe observational and theoretical evidence relating to the origin and evolution of the universe
D3.2 describe observational and theoretical evidence relating to the formation of the solar system
D3.3 describe the major components of the solar system and the universe, using appropriate scientific terminology and units
D3.6 describe various reasons that humankind has had for studying space and the conceptions of the universe held by various cultures and civilizations

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DNA Fingerprinting (12 Biology)

Program Description
DNA "Fingerprinting" (12 Biology)
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Biology
12 Biochemistry B1.2 evaluate, on the basis of research, some advances in cellular biology and related technological applications
B2.1 use appropriate terminology related to biochemistry, including, but not limited to: active and passive transport, covalent and ionic bond, allosteric site, substrate, substrate-enzyme complex, and inhibition
B2.3 construct and draw three-dimensional molecular models of important biochemical compounds, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
B2.5 plan and conduct an investigation related to a cellular process, using appropriate laboratory equipment and techniques, and report the results in an appropriate format
B3.2 describe the structure of important biochemical compounds, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, and explain their function within cells
B3.3 identify common functional groups within biological molecules, and explain how they contribute to the function of each molecule
B3.4 describe the chemical structures and mechanisms of various enzymes
12 Molecular Genetics D1.1 analyse, on the basis of research, some of the social, ethical, and legal implications of biotechnology
D2.1 use appropriate terminology related to molecular genetics, including, but not limited to: polymerase I, II, and III, DNA ligase, helicase, Okazaki fragment, mRNA, rRNA, tRNA, codon, anticodon, translation, transcription, and ribosome subunits
D2.2 analyse a simulated strand of DNA to determine the genetic code and base pairing of DNA
D2.3 conduct an investigation to extract DNA from a specimen of plant or animal protein
D3.1 explain the current model of DNA replication, and describe the different repair mechanisms that can correct mistakes in DNA sequencing
D3.5 describe some examples of genetic modification, and explain how it is applied in industry and agriculture
D3.6 describe the functions of some of the cell components used in biotechnology
D3.7 describe, on the basis of research, some of the historical scientific contributions that have advanced our understanding of molecular genetics
Strand: Science
12 Biotechnology F1.2 analyse, on the basis of research, ethical and legal issues related to an application of biotechnology in the health, agricultural, or environmental sector
F2.3 investigate, through laboratory inquiry or computer simulation, a recently developed biotechnological method used in the health sector
F3.1 explain various methods used, over time, in the field of biotechnology
F3.2 explain the structure and functions of macromolecules and the synthesis of proteins
F3.3 describe applications of biotechnology in the health, agricultural and environmental sectors

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Environmental Water Testing (11-12)

Program Description
Environmental Water Testing (11-12)
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Environmental Science
11 Human Health and the Environment     C1. analyse initiatives, both governmental and non-governmental, that are intended to reduce the impact of environmental factors on human health
C2.1 use appropriate terminology related to human health and the environment, including, but not limited to: contaminants, …air pollution, and pesticide
C2.3 investigate, through laboratory inquiry or field study, water samples from natural and disturbed environments and, analyse the resulting data
C3.2 describe the effects of a variety of environmental factors on human health
C3.3 describe ways in which a variety of environmental contaminants can enter the human body
C3.4 describe measures that can reduce exposure to environmental contaminants
11 Human Impact on the Environment     B1. analyse selected current environmental problems in terms of the role human activities have played in creating or perpetuating them, and propose possible solutions to one such problem
B3.1 identify the basic components of soil, water, and air, and describe some of the effects of human activity on soil, water, and air quality
B3.2 explain the concept of the cycling of substances in ecosystems
B3.5 explain the effects of human activity on an aquatic or terrestrial ecosystem
11 Natural Resource Science and Management E1. assess the environmental impact of the harvesting and/or extraction of resources, including ways of reducing this impact, and analyse threats to the sustainability of natural resources
11 Human Health and the Environment  C3.1 describe common environmental factors, including pollution and environmental contaminants, and explain how they can affect human health
C3.2 describe various ways in which environmental contaminants can enter the human body
11 Scientific Solutions to Contemporary Environmental Challenges   B1. analyse social and economic issues related to an environmental challenge, and how societal needs influence scientific endeavours related to the environment
B3.1 identify some major contemporary environmental challenges, and explain their causes and effects
B3.4 explain how an environmental challenge has led to advances in science or technology
B3.5 describe a variety of human activities that have led to environmental problems and/or contributed to their solution
Strand: Biology
11 Microbiology C1.1 assess some of the effects, both beneficial and harmful, of microorganisms in the environment...
Strand: Chemistry
11 Matter, Chemical Trends and Chemical Bonding B1. analyse the properties of commonly used chemical substances and their effects on human health and the environment, and propose ways to lessen their impact
11 Chemical Reactions  C1. analyse chemical reactions used in a variety of applications, and assess their impact on society and the environment
C1.2 assess the effectiveness of some applications of chemical reactions that are used to address social and environmental needs and problems…
11 Solutions and Solubility     E1.1 analyse the origins and cumulative effects of pollutants that enter our water systems, and explain how these pollutants affect water quality.
E1.2 analyse economic, social, and environmental issues related to the distribution, purification, or use of drinking water.
E2.1 use appropriate terminology related to aqueous solutions and solubility, including, but not limited to: concentration, solubility, precipitate, … pH, dilute, solute, and solvent
E2.4 conduct an investigation to analyse qualitative and quantitative properties of solutions
E2.7 determine the concentration of an acid or a base in a solution, using the acid–base titration technique
E2.8 conduct an investigation to determine the concentrations of pollutants in their local treated drinking water, and compare the results to commonly used guidelines and standards
11 Quantities in Chemical Reactions D1.1 analyse processes in the home, the workplace, and the environmental sector that involve the use of chemical quantities and calculations
Strand: Biology
12 Population Dynamics F1. analyse the relationships between population growth, personal consumption, technological development, and our ecological footprint, and assess the effectiveness of some Canadian initiatives intended to assist expanding populations
Strand: Chemistry
12 Chemical Calculations  E1.1 analyse processes in the home, the workplace, or the environmental sector that require an understanding of accurate chemical calculations
E2.7 use qualitative observations of a chemical reaction to identify the chemical changes, presence of limiting reagents, and the products occurring in a chemical reaction
12 Chemistry in the Environment     F1. evaluate the importance of government regulations, scientific analyses, and individual actions in improving air and water quality, and propose a personal plan of action to support these efforts
F1.2 evaluate the importance of quantitative chemical analysis in assessing air and water quality, and explain how these analyses contribute to environmental awareness and responsibility…
F2.1 use appropriate terminology related to chemical analysis and chemistry in the environment, including, but not limited to:…hard water, titration, pH, …and ppm
F2.3 conduct an acid–base titration to determine the concentration of an acid or a base
F2.4 conduct an inquiry, using available technology or chemical tests, to detect the presence of inorganic substances in various samples of water
F3.7 identify inorganic substances that can be found dissolved in water as a result of natural processes and human activities
Strand: Science
12 Hazards in the Workplace  B3.3 identify common biological hazards in the workplace, and describe potentially harmful situations and practices as well as best safety practices relating to these hazards
B3.4 identify common chemical hazards in the workplace, and describe potentially harmful situations and practices as well as best safety practices relating to these hazards
12 Chemicals in Consumer Products  C1.2 assess the environmental consequences of improper disposal of chemical products commonly used in the home
C3.3 explain the function of the pH scale and how pH test results are interpreted
12 Science and Public Health Issues  E3.4 explain a variety of social factors that can promote the rapid spread of infectious diseases
E3.5 describe public health measures, including legislation, that are used for the protection of the public
12 Disease and Its Prevention D1. evaluate the impact of public policy initiatives and technological advances intended to control the spread of disease, taking into consideration the failure of some people to follow public health regulations or recommendations
D2.2 conduct an investigation, using safe practices and aseptic techniques, to compare the characteristics and growth of different types of non-pathogenic bacteria
12 Pathogens and Disease C3.2 describe the mode of transmission of various diseases, including those that are insect-borne, … water-borne,…and food-borne

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Human Anatomy and Physiology (9-12)

Program Description
Human Anatomy and Physiology (9-12)
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Biology
10 Tissues, Organs and Systems B1.2 evaluate the effects that use of or exposure to a technology, substance, or environmental factor may have on the function of human tissues, organs, or systems
B2.1 use appropriate terminology related to human cells, tissues, organs, and systems, including, but not limited to: absorption, …capillaries, red blood cells, regeneration
B3.3 explain cell organization by describing the link between cells, tissues, organs, and systems in the human body
B3.4 explain the general function of some of the systems in the human body
B3.5 describe the interaction of systems in the human body, and explain why these interactions are necessary for survival
10 Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things B1.2 assess the importance to human health and/or society of medical imaging technologies used in Canada in diagnosing or treating abnormalities in tissues, organs, and/or systems…
B1.3 describe public health strategies related to systems biology, and assess their impact on society
B2.1 use appropriate terminology...capillaries, concentration, red blood cells, regeneration.
B3.3 explain the links between specialized cells, tissues, organs, and systems in plants and animals
B3.4 explain the primary functions of a variety of systems in animals
B3.5 explain the interaction of different systems within an organism and why such interactions are necessary for the organism’s survival
11 Animals: Structure and Function E1.1 evaluate the importance of various technologies, including Canadian contributions, to our understanding of internal body systems…
E1.2 assess how societal needs lead to scientific and technological developments related to internal systems
E2.1 use appropriate terminology related to animal anatomy, including, but not limited to: systolic, diastolic, diffusion gradient, inhalation, exhalation, coronary, cardiac, ulcer, asthma, and constipation
E2.3 use medical equipment to monitor the functional responses of the respiratory and circulatory systems to external stimuli
E3.1 explain the anatomy of the respiratory system and the process of ventilation and gas exchange from the environment to the cell
E3.2 explain the anatomy of the digestive system and the importance of digestion in providing nutrients needed for energy and growth
E3.3 explain the anatomy of the circulatory system and its function in transporting substances that are vital to health
E3.4 describe some disorders related to the respiratory, digestive, and circulatory systems
11 Anatomy of Mammals E1.2 analyse the impact of various lifestyle choices on human health and body systems.
E2.1 use appropriate terminology related to animal anatomy, including, but not limited to: systolic contraction, diastolic pressure, diffusion gradient, inhalation, exhalation, coronary, cardiac, ulcer, asthma, and constipation
E2.2 use medical equipment to monitor a human system, and interpret the data collected
E3.1 describe the anatomy and physiology of the circulatory system including the atrium, ventricles, valves, aorta, pulmonary artery, vena cava, capillaries, veins, arteries, blood cells, and platelets, the mechanisms of blood pressure, and the function of the spleen
E3.2 describe the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system including the nasal cavity, trachea, larynx, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and oxygenated and deoxygenated blood) and the mechanisms of gas exchange and respiration
E3.3 describe the anatomy and physiology of the digestive system, the mechanisms of peristalsis, absorption, and mechanical and chemical digestion, and the function of the kidneys
E3.4 explain some of the mechanisms of interaction between a mammal’s different body systems
Strand: Science
12 Medical Technologies  B2.2 use a variety of medical technologies to collect data related to... heart rate, lung capacity, and ... and analyse the data
B3.1 explain the four primary vital signs in humans
B3.2 describe the normal range for various physiological and biochemical indicators
B3.3 explain the function and use of a variety of medical devices and technologies for diagnostic and treatment purposes
12 Nutritional Science  D2.1 use appropriate terminology...protein, vitamin, carbohydrate, fats, lipids, pepsin, and amylase
D3.4 describe the structure and function of the components of the digestive system with respect to physical and chemical digestion
12 Science and Public Health Issues  E3.3 explain the impact of various threats to public health, including infectious diseases, chronic diseases, and environmental factors
E3.5 describe public health measures, including legislation, that are used for the protection of the public
Second table for Human Anatomy and Physiology (9-12)
Cross Curriculum Connections: Health and Physical Education
GradeExpectations
Course: Healthy Active Living Education
9 Open Healthy Living explain the effects of the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs
10 Open Healthy Living explain how healthy eating is beneficial to various physical activities
Course: Health for Life
11 Open Community Health   describe the impact of specific health problems on personal health and the health of others
demonstrate an awareness of the contributions that individuals can make to the health of others
analyze how research and medical advances influence the prevention and control of health problems

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Light and Optics (10)

Program Description
Light and Optics (10)
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Physics
10 Light and Applications of Optics E1.1 analyse how additive and/or subtractive colour theory are applied in technologies used in everyday life
E1.2 describe the role of selected optical technologies in the transmission of information, and analyse their impact on society
E2.1 use appropriate terminology related to light and optics, including, but not limited to: angle of incidence, angle of reflection, angle of refraction, centre of curvature, focal length, luminescence, magnification, principal axis, radius of curvature, and vertex
E2.4 predict the qualitative characteristics of images formed by converging lenses, test their predictions through inquiry, and draw ray diagrams to record their observations
E2.5 investigate how various objects or media reflect, transmit, or absorb light, and record their observations using ray diagrams
E2.6 predict the effect of shining a coloured light on objects of different colours, and test their predictions through inquiry
E3.1 describe various types of light emissions and how they produce light
E3.2 identify and label the visible and invisible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, and identify the colours that make up visible white light
E3.3 explain the laws of reflection of light, and identify ways in which light reflects from various types of mirrors
E3.4 describe qualitatively how visible light is refracted at the interface between two different media
E3.5 describe qualitatively how visible light is refracted at the interface between two different media
E3.6 use subtractive colour theory to describe the effect of colour filters on white light
E3.7 explain how the colour of an object is determined by reflection, absorption, and transmission of colour
E3.8 explain how the properties of light or colour are applied in the operation of an optical device
10 Light and Geometric Optics E1.2 analyse a technological device that uses the properties of light, and explain how it has enhanced society
E2.1 use appropriate terminology related to light and optics, including, but not limited to: angle of incidence, angle of reflection, angle of refraction, focal point, luminescence, magnification, mirage, and virtual image
E2.3 predict the qualitative characteristics of images formed by plane and curved mirrors, test their predictions through inquiry, and summarize their findings
E3.1 describe and explain various types of light emissions
E3.2 identify and label the visible and invisible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum
E3.3 describe, on the basis of observation, the characteristics and positions of images formed by plane and curved mirrors, with the aid of ray diagrams and algebraic equations, where appropriate
E3.5 describe the characteristics and positions of images formed by converging lenses, with the aid of ray diagrams
E3.6 identify ways in which the properties of mirrors and lenses (both converging and diverging) determine their use in optical instruments
E3.7 identify the factors, in qualitative...terms, that affect the refraction of light as it passes from one medium to another
E3.8 describe properties of light, and use them to explain naturally occurring optical phenomena

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Physics Principles in Action (9-12)

Program Description
Chemistry Concepts in Action (9-12)
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Physics
11 Forces   C3.1 distinguish between, and provide examples of, different forces and describe the effect of each type of force on the velocity of an object
C3.2 explain how the theories and discoveries of Galileo and Newton advanced knowledge of the effects of forces on the motion of objects
C3.3 state Newton’s laws, and apply them, in qualitative terms, to explain the effect of forces acting on objects
D3.1 describe a variety of energy transfers and transformations, and explain them using the law of conservation of energy
D3.5 describe, with reference to force and displacement along the line of force, the conditions that are required for work to be done
11 Kinematics B1.1 analyse...a technology that applies concepts related to kinematics
B2.1 use appropriate terminology related to kinematics, including, but not limited to: time, distance, position, displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration
B2.4 conduct an inquiry into the uniform and non-uniform linear motion of an object
B3.3 describe the characteristics and give examples of a projectile’s motion in vertical and horizontal planes
12 Energy and Momentum C2.1 use appropriate terminology related to energy and momentum, including, but not limited to: work, ..., kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, thermal energy...
C3.4 explain the implications of the laws of conservation of energy and conservation of momentum with reference to mechanical systems
12 Dynamics   B1.1 analyse a technological device that applies the principles of linear or circular motion
B2.1 use appropriate terminology related to dynamics, including, but not limited to: inertial and non-inertial frames of reference, components, centripetal, period, frequency, static friction, and kinetic friction
B2.4 predict, in qualitative...terms the forces acting on systems of objects and plan and conduct an inquiry to test their predictions
B2.5 analyse, in qualitative...terms, the relationships between the motion of a system and the forces involved...
B2.6 analyse, in qualitative terms, the forces acting on and the acceleration experienced by an object in uniform circular motion in horizontal and vertical planes...
B3.1 distinguish between reference systems (inertial and non-inertial) with respect to the real and apparent forces acting within such systems

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Space Mission: Voyage to Mars (9-12)

Program Description
Space Mission: Voyage to Mars (9-12)
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Earth and Space Science
9 Space Exploration D1. analyse the major challenges and benefits of space exploration, and assess the contributions of Canadians to space exploration
D1.1 research the challenges associated with space exploration, and explain the purpose of materials and technologies that were developed to address these challenges and how these materials and technologies are now used in other fields of endeavour
D2.1 use appropriate terminology related to space exploration
D2.4 investigate a technological challenge related to the exploration of celestial objects that arises from the objects' specific properties, and identify the solution that has been devised
D3.2 compare the characteristics and properties of celestial objects that constitute the solar system, including their motion and their distance from other celestial objects in the solar system
D3.3 identify the factors that make Earth well suited for the existence of life
D3.4 describe the characteristics of the sun and the effects of its energy on Earth and Earth's atmosphere
9 The Study of the Universe D1. assess some of the costs, hazards, and benefits of space exploration and the contributions of Canadians to space research and technology
D2.1 use appropriate terminology related to the study of the universe
D2.2 use direct observation, computer simulation, or star charts to determine the location, appearance, and motion of well-known stars and other celestial objects that are visible in the night sky
D2.4 gather and record data, using an inquiry or research process, on the properties of specific celestial objects within the solar system
D3.3 describe the major components of the solar system and the universe
D3.6 describe various reasons that humankind has had for studying space
Strand: Chemistry
10 Chemical Reactions and Their Practical Applications C2.6 plan and conduct an inquiry to classify some common substances as acidic, basic, or neutral
C3.5 describe how the pH scale is used to identify the concentration of acids and bases
10 Chemical Reactions C2.6 plan and conduct an inquiry to classify some common substances as acidic, basic, or neutral
C3.3 describe the types of evidence that indicate chemical change (e.g., changes in colour...)
C3.7 describe how the pH scale is used to classify solutions as acidic, basic, or neutral
Strand: Earth and Space Science
12 Planetary Science (Science of the Solar System)      C1. analyse political, economic, and environmental issues related to the exploration and study of the solar system, and how technology used in space exploration can be used in other areas of endeavour
C2. investigate features of and interactions between bodies in the solar system, and the impact of these features and interactions on the existence of life
C1.1 analyse political considerations related to and economic and environmental consequences (actual and/or potential) of, exploration of the solar system
C1.2 analyse, on the basis of research, a specific technology that is used in space exploration and that has applications in other areas of re- search or in the environmental sector
C2.4 investigate the ways in which interactions between solid bodies have helped to shape the solar system, including Earth
C3.1 explain the composition of the solar system
C3.5 identify and explain the properties of celestial bodies within or beyond the solar system other than Earth, that might support the existence of life
C3.6 compare Earth with other objects in the solar system with respect to properties such as mass, size, composition, rotation, magnetic field, and gravitational field
12 Earth Materials E2. investigate the properties of minerals and characteristics of rocks, including those in their local area
E3. demonstrate an understanding of the properties of minerals and the formation and characteristics of rocks
E2.2 investigate the properties of various Earth materials
E2.3 conduct a series of tests (e.g., hardness, streak, density) to identify and classify common minerals
E2.4 investigate common igneous rocks (e.g., granite, obsidian, basalt, gabbro), using a hand lens, classify them on the basis of their texture

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Way to Glow: Bacterial Transformation (11-12)

Program Description
Way to Glow! Bacterial Transformation (11-12
GradeTopicExpectations
Strand: Biology
11 Diversity of Living Things B3.2 compare and contrast the structure and function of different types of prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and viruses
B3.3 describe unifying and distinguishing anatomical and physiological characteristics of representative organisms from each of the kingdoms
11 Genetic Processes D1.2 evaluate, on the basis of research, the importance of some recent contributions to knowledge, techniques, and technologies related to genetic processes
D3.5 describe some reproductive technologies and explain how their use can increase the genetic diversity of a species
11 Microbiology C2.3 prepare a laboratory culture of microorganisms on agar, using proper aseptic techniques
C2.4 investigate the effect of antibacterial agents on different bacterial cultures
C2.5 investigate and analyse the conditions needed by microorganisms for growth
C3.1 describe the anatomy and morphology of various groups of microorganisms
C3.4 explain the different methods of reproduction in various types of bacteria, viruses, and fungi
11 Genetics  D1.2 evaluate, on the basis of research, some of the effects of genetic research and biotechnology on the environment
D3.2 explain how the concepts of DNA, genes, chromosomes, alleles, mitosis and meiosis account for the transmission of hereditary characteristics from generation to generation
12 Molecular Genetics D1.1 analyse, on the basis of research, some of the social, ethical, and legal implications of biotechnology
D3.5 describe some examples of genetic modification, and explain how it is applied in industry and agriculture
D3.6 describe the functions of some of the cell components used in biotechnology
D3.7 describe, on the basis of research, some of the historical scientific contributions that have advanced our understanding of molecular genetics
12 Biochemistry B1.2 evaluate, on the basis of research, some advances in cellular biology and related technological applications
B2.2 plan and conduct an investigation to demonstrate the movement of substances across a membrane
B2.5 plan and conduct an investigation related to a cellular process using appropriate laboratory equipment and techniques, and report the results in an appropriate format
B3.2 describe the structure of important biochemical compounds, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, and explain their function within cells
B3.4 describe the chemical structures and mechanisms of various enzymes
B3.6 describe the structure of cell membranes according to the fluid mosaic model, and explain the dynamics of passive transport, facilitated diffusion, and the movement of large particles across the cell membrane by the processes of endocytosis and exocytosis
Strand: Science
12 Disease and Its Prevention D2.2 conduct an investigation, using safe practices and aseptic techniques, to compare the characteristics and growth of different types of non-pathogenic bacteria
D2.3 investigate the effects of various drug therapies on the growth of bacteria
12 Biotechnology F2.3 investigate, through laboratory inquiry or computer simulation, a recently developed biotechnological method used in the health sector
F2.4 investigate, through laboratory inquiry or computer simulation, a recently developed biotechnological method used in the field of agriculture
F3.1 explain various methods used, over time, in the field of biotechnology
F3.3 describe applications of biotechnology in the health, agricultural and environmental sectors

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